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Explanation of Plates.

Plate 1.

Plate 1: EUCALYPTUS PILULARIS, Sm. (Typical form from Port Jackson.) Lithograph by Margaret Flockton.



  • 1.Young shoot, portion of a seedling. Note the dentate margin and tufts of hairs.
  • 2.Buds with pointed opercula.
  • 3.The fruits are nearly globular (pilular).

Plate 2.

Plate 2: EUCALYPTUS PILULARIS, Sm., var. MUELLERIANA, Maiden. Typical for EUCALYPTUS MUELLARIANA, Howitt. Drawn from Gippsland (Victoria), specimens collected and named by Mr. Howitt. Lithograph by Margaret Flockton.



  • 1. Young shoot (sucker foliage). The young foliage has tufts of hairs. See Howitt, page 34. This shoot is not so young as the corresponding specimen of E. pilularis.
  • 2. Buds more clavate than in typical pilularis.
  • 3. The fruits are nearly globular, with rims of medium thickness, and with non-exserted valves.




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Plate 3.

Plate 3: EUCALYPTUS DISCOLOR, Desf. ; EUCALYPTUS PERSICIFOLIA, DC.; EUCALYPTUS PILULARIS; EUCALYPTUS SEMICORTICATA, F.v.M. Lithograph by Margaret Flockton.



  • 1. Eucalyptus discolor, Desf. (ex horto Paris, 1820). Foliage only.
  • 2. Mature leaves and buds of Sieber's No. 477 (E. persicifolia, DC., E. incrassata, Sieb.). Typical E. pilularis
  • 3. Mature leaves and buds of Sieber's No. 593 (E. persicifolia, DC.). Typical E. pilularis. The leaf broader than (2). The opercula are pointed.
  • 4. 4a. Two heads of fruits from typical E. pilularis, from Hurstville, near Sydney. They are from the same tree; in 4a the rim is thin and sunk; in 4 the rim is broad and the valves almost protruding.
  • 5. 5a. 5b. The fruits and buds are taken from the same tree of typical E. dextropinea (R. T. Baker), near Barber's Creek, Goulburn District, N.S.W. 5 closely resembles typical pilularis; 5a shows the broad rim and slightly exserted valves so common in the species. The buds are nearly clavate, but some are more pointed than shown.
  • 6. 6a. The fruits and buds of typical E. semicorticata, F.v.M., Brisbane River, Queensland. The broad rims of the fruit are commonest seen in var. Muelleriana, while the pointed opercula are typical for pilularis.

Plate 4.

Plate 4: EUCALYPTUS PILULARIS, Sm. Fruits illustrating variation in the species. Lithograph by Margaret Flockton.



A. Some forms of Fruits from the Sydney District to Jervis Bay.

  • 1. Ovoid form, National Park, Sydney, showing transition to E. piperita.
  • 2. Large pilular fruits, common in the Sydney District; rims thin and sunk.
  • 3. Kogarah Bay, Sydney; narrow rim and exserted valves.
  • 4. Fruits of intermediate size, Hawkesbury River.
  • 5. Jervis Bay, N.S.W. All the above, with thin rims and more or less globular fruits.

B. Some Miscellaneous Forms.

  • 6. Currawang Creek, near Bateman's Bay, N.S.W. Typical for E. dextropinea, R.T.B. Fruits nearly globular, and rim thicker than the preceding.
  • 7. Stringybark from Lowther Road, Kanimbla Valley, Blue Mountains, N.S.W. Thicker rim, but otherwise close to No. 3. Partakes of the characters of both E. pilularis and E. eugenioides.
  • 8. Port Macquarie, N.S.W. Small fruits, hardly ripe.
  • 9. Mount Seaview, Upper Hastings River. Thick rim.
  • 10. Kempsey, N.S.W.
  • 11. Fruits. 11a. Buds (both from same tree). W. MacDonald, Macleay River, N.S.W., near the coast The rim much sunk.
  • 12. Bolivia, near Tenterfield, N.S.W. Small fruits, with broad rims.

C. Fruits with Flat Tops and Broad Rims.

  • 13. Gladesville, Sydney.
  • 14. Fruits. 14a. Buds (from same tree). “Stringybark,” St. Albans, Hawkesbury District, N.S.W. Note the pointed opercula associated with the broad rims of the fruits.
  • 15. Tenterfield, N.S.W. Very broad rims, and slightly angled fruits; valves prominent.
  • 16. Fruits. 16a. Buds (from same tree). “Mountain Stringybark” (A. Rudder). Figured as “E. sp.” Figs. 11–12, plate LX. Proc. Linn. Soc., N.S.W., 1896. A very broad-rimmed form often seen in var. Muelleriana.



  •   ― 47 ―
  • 17. Small fruit, with tendency to doming. 17a. Fruit larger, with flat top with tendency to doming. 17b. Buds all from same tree, Warrah Creek, Liverpool Plains, N.S.W.
  • 18. Very large-fruited, broad-rimmed form, Dapto, N.S.W.
  • 19. “Blackbutt,” Hartley Mill, Glen Innes, N.S.W. Small fruit, more pear-shaped than usual, and inserted at this place to show the resemblance to 17, and also to macrorrhyncha forms, e.g., 23, 24, 27.

D. Domed Fruits tending to E. macrorrhyncha and capitellata, with and without Angled Buds.

  • 20. “Stringybark,” Mt. Lofty, near Adelaide, S.A. (often referred to as E. capitellata).
  • 21. Fruits. 21a. Angled buds (from same tree). Grampians, Victoria. The valves more exserted than 20; the buds resembling those of capitellata.
  • 22. Moonan Flat, Upper Hunter River, N.S W. Large fruits, broad rims.
  • 23. “Red Stringybark,” Moona Plains, Walcha, New England, N.S.W. Transit to macrorrhyncha (close to var. brachycorys). 23a. Mount Seaview, Upper Hastings River. Practically identical with 23.
  • 24. Fruits. 24a. Larger fruits. 24b. Angled buds (all from same tree), with very broad rims, and the valves less prominent than macrorrhyncha; near to capitellata. The angled buds nearer to capitellata. Bluff River, near Tenterfield.
  • 25. Flat-topped fruits. 25a. Angled buds. 25b. Pointed buds (all from same tree). On the whole tending to capitellata. Bluff River, near Tenterfield.
  • 26. Rounded buds. From same locality as No. 25 and from similar trees. The same tree often displays much variation as regards the buds.

Stanthorpe, Queensland. Fruits of macrorrhyncha, var. brachycorys, Bentham. It will be observed that the transit from typical pilularis to this form is quite gradual.

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